The current global marketplace is characterized by fierce competition and management teams within organizations must constantly strive to improve efficiency and effectiveness. Security risks exert a great deal of pressure on executives to mitigate losses and keep company assets safe and secure. Security threats can affect every level of a firm and typically embody two key areas of a business: physical structures and logistical systems.

Physical security measures utilized by corporations are quite often archaic, in so much that they are reactive in nature. Companies must lean forward and anticipate potential physical security breaches through the adoption of relevant security controls.

Top 3 Physical Security Safeguards

1. Video Surveillance

It is essential to have comprehensive video surveillance systems in place that encapsulate key areas of corporate structures. There are a number of legal ramifications associated to video surveillance, which companies must be aware of before integrating a system into their corporate spaces.

2. Fortification and Employee Protection

Employees, clients and customers must be afforded a level of protection; organizations can easily achieve this through fortification measures and limited access protocols and policies.

3. Architecture with Security Risk in Mind

Corporations can quite easily mitigate security breaches and loss through the effective setup of corporate spaces. Lighting, visibility, mirrors, entrance areas, signage, points of exits and points of sale must all be taken into account. Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) is paramount.

Corporations have the overwhelming responsibility of safeguarding customer information, intellectual property, assets and their brand. Reputation loss, data leakage and business interruption caused by system breaches, can result in the attrition of existing and potential customers and clients. The effects are often widespread and directly affect the company’s bottom line.

Top 3 System Security Concerns

1. Cloud Computing

Cloud computing allows organizations to outsource IT applications and infrastructures to a virtual environment, which facilitates seamless integration and synchronicity between employees and customers. The security issues arise from the reliance on the Cloud company’s security protocols and measures, which are often subpar. In addition, completely transitioning to a Cloud platform poses logistical and fiscal concerns, in the event of a system failure.

2. Mobile Security

Mobile devices have penetrated virtually every strata of society and have revolutionized the manner in which business is conducted. Mobile security has unfortunately not kept pace with the exponential growth in mobile device users and is very much in its infancy. Companies often invest more time and effort into protecting their employees’ desktops and laptops, than into securing information on corporate mobile devices. Exposure is of great concern; McAfee reported that cellular phone malware increased 46% from 2009 to 2010.

3. Pre-Employment Screening

On an international scale, most medium and large organizations do not have a comprehensive pre-employment screening process in place. The risks that employees pose to organizations internally are of grave concern and corporations must be committed to hiring ethical workers. To this end, it is crucial that companies understand the employment complexities and stringent privacy laws in place in the countries in which they hire.

The Oklahoma City Bombing in 1995, the World Trade attack in 2001, the London Transit attacks in 2005, and the Mumbai attacks in 2008 were all serious breaches in physical security. However, it is vital to note that all of the above tragedies involved elements of logistical and system failures, in addition to physical security breaches. From a pared-down, micro perspective, every company has to approach corporate security from a multi-pronged, layered perspective. Enlisting the help of a corporate security expert is necessary, as there are a number of nuances stipulated by governing bodies and laws, which must be taken into account.